Detection and tracking of ballistic target
Alfonso Farina - AMS, Luca Timmoneri - AMS, Maria Rosaria Toma - AMS, Luciana Ortenzi - AMS, Ugo Fabrizio D'Elia - MBDA Italy, Maria Grazia Del Gaudio - MBDA Italy, Sandro Immediata - AMS
Tue, 27 April 2004, 3:20 PM - 4:10 PM
Some aspects of detection and tracking of ballistic targets are analysed in this paper. In particular, the RCS model versus aspect angle is obtained for a notional target starting from its CAD model. Subsequently, the kinematic model of the ballistic target is derived; it includes the main forces acting on it, namely: the thrust, the drag and the gravity. On the basis of these two models it is possible to determine the detection probability of a notional L-band radar during the target flight and to build up an interactive multiple model (IMM) for target tracking. The performance evaluation of the design IMM tracking algorithm is obtained via Monte Carlo simulation. In particular, highly manoeuvring aircraft and ballistic target in the boost phase are used to check the capability of the IMM.
DR. Alfonso Farina - AMS
Alfonso FARINA (Fellow of IEEE and Fellow of IEE) received his doctor degree in electronic engineering from the University of Rome (I) in 1973. In 1974 he joined Selenia, now Alenia Marconi Systems, where he is a manager (since May 1988); since one year he is a member of the Chief Technical Office. Recently he has been appointed Scientific Director. In his professional life Alfonso has provided technical contributions to detection, signal, data & fusion, image processing for radar systems. He has provided leadership in many projects – also conducted in the international arena – in surveillance for ground and naval applications, in airborne early warning and in imaging radar. Since 1979, he has also been Professore Incaricato of Radar Techniques at the University of Naples; in 1985 he was appointed Associate Professor. He is the author of more than 270 peer reviewed publications and the author of books and monographs: Radar Data Processing (Vol. 1 and 2) (translated in Russian and Chinese), 1985-1986 ; Optimised Radar Processors, 1987 ; Antenna Based Signal Processing Techniques for Radar Systems, 1992. He has written the Chapter 9 on “ECCM techniques” in the Radar Handbook (2nd Edition 1990), edited by Dr. M. I. Skolnik of Naval Research Laboratory. He has been session chairman at many international radar conferences. He uses to lecture at universities and research centres in Italy and abroad; He also frequently gives tutorials at the Intl. Radar Conferences on signal, data and image processing for radar; in particular on multi-sensor fusion, adaptive signal processing, space time adaptive processing (STAP) and detection. In the 1987 He received the Radar Systems Panel Award of IEEE-AESS for development of radar data processing techniques. He is the Italian representative at the International Radar Systems Panel of IEEE-AESS. He has been the Italian industrial representative at the SET (Sensor and Electronic Technology) of RTO (Research Technology Organisation) of NATO. He has been in the BoD of the International Society for Information Fusion (ISIF). He has been nominated Fellow of IEEE with the following citation: "For development and application of adaptive signal processing methods for radar systems." He is a referee of numerous publications submitted to several Journals of IEEE, IEE, Elsevier, etc., He has also cooperated with the editorial board of ECEJ (Electronics & Communication Engineering Journal) of IEE. More recently, Alfonso serves as a member in the Editorial Board of Signal Processing (Elsevier). He is the co-recipient of the prestigious best paper award, entitled to Mr. B. Carlton, of IEEE Trans. on Aerospace and Electronic Systems for the year 2001. Alfonso has been the leader of the team that received the 2002 AMS CEO award for Innovation Technology. Alfonso has recently been the co-recipient of the AMS Radar Division award for Innovation Technology in 2003.
Dr. Luca Timmoneri - AMS
Luca Timmoneri received the doctor degree in electronic engineering from the University of Rome, Italy, in 1989. In 1989 he joined Selenia S.p.A. now AMS (Alenia Marconi Systems), where he is currently the Leader of the Radar System Analysis Group of the Radar and Technology Division. His working interests span from the area of synthetic aperture radar (image formation and moving target detection and imaging), to space-time adaptive processing for AEW and ground-based radar, to parallel processing architectures with VLSI and COTS devices. He is presently involved in the areas of adaptive signal processing, detection and estimation with application to tri-dimensional ground and ship based phased array radar. He is the author of several peer reviewed papers (also invited) on journals and conference proceedings. He is the co-author of three tutorials on adaptive array and space-time adaptive processing presented at the intl. radar conference in Washington DC (1995) , Boston (1999) and Boston (2003). Dr. Timmoneri received the 2002 AMS CEO Award and the 2003 AMS MD Award for Innovation Technology.
Dr. Maria Rosaria Toma - AMS
Maria Rosaria Toma received the degree cum laude in Maths from the University of Rome, Italy, in 1984.
In 1984 she entered Selenia (now AMS), working on e.m. theory and antennas. Later, she operated in the field of Synthetic Aperture Radar, processing recorded live data, setting up algorithms for motion compensation, and use of polarimetric and multifrequency SAR data fusion for speckle reduction.
Since 1996, she is with the System Analysis Group of Radar and Technology of AMS. The field of interest is the development of computer models and simulations for radar performance prediction and site test analysis. She is currently involved in analyses for the assessement of the 3D Long Range Nato Class-1 radar capabilities against TBM's threat.
Dr. Luciana Ortenzi - AMS
Luciana Ortenzi received the Doctor Degree in Telecommunications Engineering in October 2001 from the University of Rome, "La Sapienza". She developed a thesis supervised by Alfonso Farina (AMS) entitled: "Maximum Likelihood Techniques for Detection and Estimation of the Target Direction of Arrival with Generalized Antennas Arrays".
She joined AMS in February 2002, and since then she is within the Radar System Analysis Group of Radar and Technology Department. Her present areas of investigation are oriented towards phased arrays and adaptive signal processing, detection, estimation and tracking filtering. Dr. Ortenzi received the 2003 AMS MD Award for Innovation Technology.
Dr. Ugo Fabrizio D'Elia - MBDA Italy
Ugo Fabrizio D'Elia
He received the degree in Applied Mathematics from the University ‘La Sapienza’ of Rome, Italy in 1972. He then attended a specialization course by the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications and served for military duty in the Italian Navy Ministry, department of Operations Research.
In November 1974 he joined Alenia Marconi Systems (formerly Selenia SpA) in Rome Italy. Currently he is with the MBDA Italy, Missile Systems. He has been involved mainly with Electromagnetic & Numerical Modeling in the areas of analysis, synthesis, scattering & radar cross section prediction, simulation, numerical techniques, software and advanced automatic measurement systems as the near field test ranges. He has been working with all the main antenna and radome projects for different missile and radar systems.
In the topics of his experience, he has authored several national and international technical papers and cooperated to several European research joint programs.
Actually he is the Italian responsible of National and International Applied Research Studies of Seeker Division inside MBDA.
Dr. Maria Grazia Del Gaudio - MBDA Italy
Maria Grazia Del Gaudio was born in Rome, Italy. She received the degree in mathematics from the University ‘La Sapienza’ of Rome, Italy in 1983. In 1983 she joined Alenia, Radar and System Division (formerly Selenia SpA) in Rome Italy and now she is with the MBDA Italy, Missile Systems. Her research interests are numerical techniques, software development and computer-aided design in applied electromagnetics, both in low and high frequency ranges. She is currently working in Electromagnetic simulation of antenna and target modelling for radar, missile and telecommunication systems.
Dr. Sandro Immediata - AMS
Sandro Immediata received the doctor degree in electronic engineering from the University of Salerno, Italy, in 2000. He developed a thesis entitled: "Non Linear Behaviours of bunched charge particles in the Accelerator Machines". In 2000 he joined AMS (Alenia Marconi Systems), where he is currently within the Radar System Analysis Group of Radar and Technology Division. His working interests span from phased arrays to adaptive signal processing, detection, estimation and tracking filtering. He is the co-author of two papers on conference proceedings. Dr. Sandro Immediata received the 2003 AMS MD Award for Innovation Technology.